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Nutritional Problem Solving-Developmental Orthopedic Diseases

Developmental orthopedic diseases (DODs) encompass a complex of musculoskeletal abnormalities that may affect growing horses (NRC, 2007). It includes angular limb deformities, physitis, subchondral bone cysts, osteochondrosis (OCD), flexural limb deformities and cervical vertebral malformation. DOD's can be caused by trauma, injury or illness, environment, genetics and/or nutrition.

Here are some nutritionally-related causes of DODs and solutions using BUCKEYE Nutrition products.

Energy Deficiency

Nutritional Cause Reason Resulting Condition Solution
Feeding too much Consumption of mare's grain Rapid growth, impaired skeletal development Foal-Aid and
 - if younger than 3 months, Foal Starter
 - If older than 3 months, GRO 'N WIN
High non-structural carbohydrate levels Consumption of grains high in non-structural carbohydrates Reduced cartilage synthesis, growth plate cartilage formation and bone ossification Free-choice quality forage and 
 - If younger than 3 months, Foal Starter
 - If older than 3 months, GRO 'N WIN or Growth Formula
Feeding too little Poor milk quality or quantity, inadequate diet Reduced growth, impaired skeletal development - If younger than 3 months, Mare's Milk Plus and Foal Starter
 - If older than 3 months, GRO 'N WIN

Protein Deficiency

Nutritional Cause Reason Resulting Condition Solution
Feeding too little Inadequate diet Reduced growth rate and feed intake GRO 'N WIN or Growth Formula
Low lysine and threonine levels Poor milk quality, low quality protein Reduced growth rate - If younger than 3 months, Foal Starter
 - If older than 3 months, GRO 'N WIN

Mineral Deficiency

Nutritional Cause Reason Resulting Condition Solution
Low calcium and phosphorus Poor milk quality, inadequate diet Reducing bone development and growth GRO 'N WIN or Growth Formula
Excessive phosphorus Diet imbalance Impaired calcium absorption and retention Evaluation of total ration including forages
Low copper Inadequate copper in mare's ration during gestation Cartilage defects Foal-Aide and
 - If younger than 3 months, Foal Starter
 - If older than 3 months, GRO 'N WIN